The present global order is characterized by a disparity between unipolarity in terms of power relations on the one hand and civilizational diversity on the other. In the absence of a balance of power, and under the conditions of increasing social and economic instability, the system of international relations risks becoming dysfunctional. After the end of the Cold War, self-appointed ideologues prematurely declared the dawn of a “New World Order” or the “End of History.” What is needed, in the present situation, is not a new eschatological vision, inspired by political triumphalism, but a genuine alternative to traditional conceptions of international relations. This will require a sober assessment of the imbalances and systemic contradictions of the present order. Respect for the equal rights of all nations and cultures, and rules of decision-making in international organizations that take account of today’s social and economic realities at the global level, will be key elements of a just, stable, democratic and ultimately peaceful world as envisaged by the founders of the United Nations.
Main vectors of discussion: What are the criteria of a just global order?; The antagonism between political hegemony and civilizational diversity; State sovereignty under the conditions of globalization; Transition from a unipolar system to a multicentric balance of power?; Democratization of the United Nations Organization